Zurück zur Suche

The Effects of COVID-19 in the Learning Process of Primary School Students

A Systematic Review


A variety of social and economic changes are happening worldwide due to the pandemic caused by COVID-19, which has produced new problems and challenges for the population as a whole. These events demand new investigations and key studies for their management. This review addresses the repercussions of COVID-19 at the educational level in the primary education stage, delving into the effects produced in teaching and different aspects related to it, such as the situation and challenges of teachers, family involvement, and the perceptions and repercussions of the learning and socio-educational development of students (especially in the case of students with Autism Spectrum Disorder). The methodological design is a systematic review study, following the PRISMA guidelines, from a search carried out during the month of July 2021 in the Scopus, Dialnet, and WoS databases on the object of study. The selected studies were analyzed through a qualitative content analysis based on a population of 103 articles, with a final sample of 13, using the inclusion criteria: empirical studies or research in English or Spanish; free access through the Internet; categories restricted to “education/educational research” related to the proposed objectives; specific documents of the primary education stage and/or students with Autism Spectrum Disorder. The research reveals the presence of an existing digital gap in certain sectors of the student population aggravated by the pandemic, as well as the scarcity of general teacher training in this type of situation, leading to different personal and professional problems that hinder teaching and emphasize the vulnerability of the right to education, which leads to further promoting the already existing social inequalities.


Distance-Schooling, Grundschule, Kinder im Grundschulalter, Länderübergreifend, (Literatur-)Review


Amate, José Jesús Sánchez, La Rosa, Antonio Luque de, Cáceres, Rafaela Gutiérrez, Serrano, Alejandro Vargas (2021). The Effects of COVID-19 in the Learning Process of Primary School Students. A Systematic Review, Education Science, 11, 654.

Zuletzt geändert am 22. Juli 2022.