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Teaching and Learning during the first COVID-19 School Lockdown. Realization and Associations with Parent-Perceived Students‘ Academic Outcomes

A Study and Preliminary Overview


Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, all schools in Germany were locked down for several months in 2020. How schools realized teaching during the school lockdown greatly varied from school to school. N = 2,647 parents participated in an online survey and rated the following ac-tivities of teachers in mathematics, language arts (German), English, and science /biology during the school lockdown: frequency of sending task assignments, task solutions and requesting for solutions, giving task-related feedback, grading tasks, providing lessons per videoconference, and communicating via telecommunication tools with students and/ or parents. Parents also reported student academic outcomes during the school lockdown (child's learning motivation, competent and independent learning, learning progress). Parents further reported student characteristics and social background variables: child's negative emotionality, school engagement, mathematical and language competencies, and child's social and cultural capital. Data were separately analyzed for elementary and secondary schools. In both samples, frequency of student-teacher communication was associated with all academic outcomes, except for learning progress in elementary school. Frequency of parent-teacher communication was associated with motivation and learning progress, but not with competent and independent learning, in both samples. Other distant teaching activities were differentially related to students' academic outcomes in elementary vs. secondary school. School engagement explained most additional variance in all students' outcomes during the school lockdown. Parent's highest school leaving certificate incrementally predicted students' motivation, and competent and independent learning in secondary school, as well as learning progress in elementary school. The variable “child has own bedroom” additionally explained variance in students' competent and independent learning during the school lockdown in both samples. Thus, both teaching activities during the school lockdown as well as children's characteristics and social background were independently important for students' motivation, competent and independent learning, and learning progress. Results are discussed with regard to their practical implications for realizing distant teaching.


Deutschland, Distance-Schooling, Eltern, Quantitative Studie


Steinmayr, Ricarda, Lazarides, Rebecca, Weidinger, Anne F., Christiansen, Hanna (2021). Teaching and Learning during the first COVID-19 School Lockdown Realization and Associations with Parent-Perceived Students' Academic Outcomes. A Study and Preliminary Overview, Zeitschrift für Pädagogische Psychologie, 35, 02. Mrz, 85–106.

Zuletzt geändert am 10. August 2022.